arguments for sola scriptura
3:15-17). They comprise the New Testament. The Catholic Church, too, has parameters of orthodoxy beyond which a Catholic may not go. This powerful new book contains just that Biblical arguments. In point of fact, Protestants seem to do about as well as Catholics on unanimity of essential doctrines with only an infallible Bible and no infallible interpreters of it! Of course, Jesus (Matt. Fourth, as J. I. Packer noted, “the real deep divisions have been caused not by those who maintained sola Scriptura, but by those, Roman Catholic and Protestant alike, who reject it.” Further, “when adherents of sola Scriptura have split from each other the cause has been sin rather than Protestant biblicism….”14 Certainly this is often the case. Sola Scriptura: The Principle of Causality Is Not Violated. Kreeft’s claim that the rejection of the Roman Catholic view on infallible tradition leads to the scandal of denominationalism does not follow for many reasons. The fact is that they do not have an infallible record from the first century on which to base such a decision. This it does in a number of ways. Furthermore, “Joshua made a covenant with the people that day and made statutes and ordinances for them… which he recorded in the book of the law of God” (Josh. And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who possess the Spirit. Sola scriptura, often noted as the formal cause of the Reformation, the doctrine that the Scriptures are the unique, final, magisterial authority for the Christian faith and the Christian life and, in that sense, alone was crucial to the process of Luther’s Reformation breakthrough, particularly in the years 1518–21.4 When he declared at Worms that his conscience was captive to the Word of God, he was only repeating in public what he had begun to say in correspondence and what he had been implying at Leipzig in 1519. 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura by Dave Armstrong No belief is more central to Protestantism than sola Scriptura, which says the Bible is the only infallible, authoritative source of Christian faith and practice. This revelation was often first communicated orally before it was finally committed to writing (e.g., 2 Thess. 10:6). April 23, 2015 Scott Eric Alt Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! Second, as orthodox Catholics know well, the scandal of liberalism is as great inside the Catholic church as it is outside of it. Every human opinion and ecclesiastical voice must yield to whatever the Bible teaches. And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God, which is at work in you believers. Second, early New Testament believers did not need further revelation through the apostles in written form for one very simple reason: they still had the living apostles to teach them. 13:3; Mark 4:2, 33; 6:34; Luke 11:53; 24:15–16, 25–27; John 16:12; 20:30; 21:25; Acts 1:2–3). But that is not what oral tradition gives. He wrongly assumes, unwittingly in contrast to what Vatican II and even Vatican I say about the canon, 13 that the church determined the canon. The Reformation principle of sola scriptura (lit. Tradition is an inevitable reality for all Christians. For it would have been better for them never to have known the way of righteousness than after knowing it to turn back from the holy commandment delivered to them. In other words, the only reason Jesus and the apostles could appeal to an authority outside the Bible was that God was still giving normative (i.e., standard-setting) revelation for the faith and morals of believers. Thus, all Christian groups, not just the Catholic Church, employ tradition to shape and curb the way their followers interpret Scripture. The word of God, he believed, is the highest arbitrator in the church. This preached gospel stood forever as truth before it was ever encapsulated in the Bible. Sola Scriptura could hardly be stated more emphatically. The two foundational Protestant doctrines are those of Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone) and Sola Fide (faith alone). What the Catholic must prove, and cannot, is that the God who deemed it so important for the faith and morals of the faithful to inspire the inscripturation of 27 books of apostolic teaching would have left out some important revelation in these books. There are many more that we didn’t point out. Sola Scriptura: The Bible Does Not State a Preference for Oral Tradition. What it does mean is that all apostolic teaching that God deemed necessary for the faith and practice (morals) of the church was preserved (2 Tim. It should be noted that all Christian groups have some traditions, whether or not they acknowledge it. Sola Scriptura: Tradition and Scripture Are Not Inseparable. Now the Spirit expressly says that in later times some will depart from the faith by giving heed to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons … If you put these instructions before the brethren, you will be a good minister of Christ Jesus, nourished on the words of the faith and of the good doctrine which you have followed. As soon as the apostles died, however, it became imperative for the written record of their infallible teaching to be available. It should be noted that all Christian groups have … Likewise, it is possible that sola Scriptura could be a necessary logical deduction from what is taught in Scripture. Have nothing to do with godless and silly myths. Because the New Testament is the only inspired (infallible) record of what the apostles taught, it follows that since the death of the apostles the only apostolic authority we have is the inspired record of their teaching in the New Testament. That 1 Tim 3:15 quote is a great Catholic “counter-quote” to 2 Tim 3:16-17, which Protestants usually use to make the Sola Scriptura argument. Hang with me. Before we make arguments refuting Sola Scriptura, it would be best to define it as many people have defined it in different ways. The Catholic use of 3 John to prove the superiority of oral tradition is a classic example of taking a text out of context. Third, orthodox Protestant “denominations,” though there be many, have not historically differed much more significantly than have the various “orders” of the Roman Catholic church. Why? Sola Scriptura might be thought of as the methodological doctrine of the Reformation, for Protestantism is said to be founded on Scripture Alone (as opposed to religious tradition), and its primary doctrinal teaching is Sola Fide– that salvation is by faith alone (apart from works). Finally, to borrow a phrase from St. Paul, the Bible constantly warns us “not to go beyond what is written” (1 Cor. It even has a fancy Latin name — “sola scriptura.” It’s time for Catholics to stop being beaten up with the Fundamentalists’ favorite question. Many Christian teachings are a necessary logical deduction of what is clearly taught in the Bible (e.g., the Trinity). But a certain kind of Protestant hears “extra-biblical” and immediately equates that with “fallible traditions of men that are obviously contrary to Scripture.” And yet it is this idea that is contrary to Scripture, not the notion of tradition per se. For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not man’s gospel. First, as Catholic scholars themselves recognize, it is not necessary that the Bible explicitly and formally teach sola Scriptura in order for this doctrine to be true. What is more, Jesus made it clear that the Bible was in a class of its own, exalted above all tradition. We do not pretend that the private judgment of Protestants is infallible, but only that when exercised in a humble, believing spirit, it always leads to a competent knowledge of essential truth. Indeed, to assume that oral traditions of the apostles, not written in the Bible, are necessary to interpret what is written in the Bible under inspiration is to argue that the uninspired is more clear than the inspired. And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. Thus, there is a limit to how far a Calvinist can go in interpreting Scripture, and that limit is set by Calvinist tradition. He answered them, “And why do you transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?”. Am I now seeking the favor of men, or of God? And they read from the book, from the law of God, clearly; and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading. 5:3; 7:12) sometimes referred to their own God-given authority. If a Calvinist, for example, were to start interpreting certain Scripture passages about falling away from grace and from the faith as suggesting something other than perseverance of the saints or eternal security, he would be suspect in the eyes of his Calvinist comrades. That's why Catholic Answers has published the book 100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura by well-known apologist Dave Armstrong. What is apostolic will always be harmonious with biblical teachings, since the truths Jesus taught the apostles and the truths recorded in Scripture proceed from the same body of God’s revelation. 9:1). 4:6).11 This kind of exhortation is found throughout Scripture. This is because they were living authorities set up by Christ (Matt. Further, Jesus and the apostles constantly appealed to the Bible as the final court of appeal. A Christian Perspective, Bespoke Religiosity and the Rise of the Nones: a review of Strange Rites: New Religions for a Godless World by Tara Isabella Burton. Scripture itself states that it is insufficient of itself as a teacher, but rather needs an interpreter. You can buy that book here to read all 100! Sola scriptura: A Blueprint for Anarchy. Moses certainly gave definitive interpretation of doctrine, as did the priesthood in Israel. Corruption didn’t wipe out the Law anymore than David’s sin wiped out the Davidic Covenant, or Paul’s or Moses’ or Peter’s sin made them incapable of writing inspired Scripture and being leaders of their people. Kreeft’s argument that sola Scriptura violates the principle of causality is invalid for one fundamental reason: it is based on a false assumption. Article ID: DC170-3 | By: Norman Geisler and Ralph MacKenzie. He rebuked the Pharisees for not accepting sola Scriptura and negating the final authority of the Word of God by their religious traditions, saying, “And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?…You have nullified the word of God, for the sake of your tradition” (Matt. There may be relatively more of these, but the restrictions are not different in kind from Protestant restrictions on dogma, hermeneutics, and exegesis. I… Paperback, 9781933919591, 1933919590 Romans 16:17: Take note of those who create dissensions and difficulties, in opposition to the doctrine which you have been taught; avoid them. It simply means that it is not explicitly contained within the letter of the Bible, though it might well be in harmony with it. 4:4, 7, 10) over 90 times, stressing the importance of the written word of God. Dear fellow Catholics and separated brethren: I need your help. A Look at Virtue Signaling. “Not in the Bible” does NOT mean “anti-biblical”. It even has a fancy Latin name — “sola scriptura.” It’s time for Catholics to stop being beaten up with the Fundamentalists’ favorite question. However, there is a whole set of practical presuppositions that the doctrine of sola scriptura makes, every one of which provides not just an argument against the doctrine, but a fatal blow to it. John 10:35). Sola Scriptura: The Bible Is Clear Apart from Tradition. In fact, Dave Armstrong and Catholic Answers Press gives 90 more arguments in the book, “100 Biblical Arguments Against Sola Scriptura“. Sola Scriptura, the formal principle of the Protestant Reformation, is essential to genuine Christianity, for it declares that the Bible is the inspired word of God, the churchâ€™s only rule of faith and practice. “Moses then wrote down all the words of the Lord” (Exod. Instead, I hope to see you soon when we can talk face to face” (3 John 13). In fact, God determined the canon by inspiring these books and no others. Catholics understand the difference between authoritative and infallible, since they make the same distinction with regard to noninfallible statements made by the Pope and infallible ex cathedra (“from the seat” of Peter) ones. One, the fact that Scripture, without tradition, is said to be “God-breathed” (theopnuestos) and thus by it believers are “competent, equipped for every good work” (2 Tim. “You leave the commandment of God, and hold fast the tradition of men.” And he said to them, “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God, in order to keep your tradition!… thus making void the word of God through your tradition which you hand on.”. When, however, we compare the differences with orthodox Catholics and orthodox Protestants or with all Catholics and all Protestants on the more essential doctrines, there is no significant edge for Catholicism. Sola Scriptura (Latin ablative, sōlā scrīptūrā, meaning "by Scripture alone") is upheld by Lutheran and Reformed theologies and asserts that scripture must govern over church traditions and interpretations which are themselves held to be subject to scripture. This flies in the face of the Catholic claim that the Bible is formally insufficient without the aid of tradition. "There are 30,000 denominations that use sola Scriptura. It is also self-defeating, for if sola scriptura were true, it would have to be explicitly spelled out in Scripture itself. A bad hermeneutic (method of interpreting Scripture) is more crucial to deviation from orthodoxy than is the rejection of an infallible tradition in the Roman Catholic church. Authoritative interpretation of the Law was required in ancient Israel. For Jesus declared: “This is how all [men] will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another” (John 13:35). 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